Verb conjugation is at the center of learning to read Latin. As complicated as Latin may seem, when you have mastered the verb, things fall into place.
Latin verbs fall into the following categories, called conjugations:
1. Person and number:
The ending of a Latin verb indicates the person and number of its subject. See the following chart:
As with all charts, in and of itself it means nothing.
What it helps you do, however, is recognize the subject of any verb you see while reading. Verbs ending in -ō or -m have the subject "I", verbs in ending in -mus or -mur have the subject "we", etc. according to the chart above.
This is true of all verbs, even irregular verbs. And it is true of all tenses, too, other than the perfect active tense.
Memorizing this chart is helpful for all beginning students. And a review never hurts, either, for more advanced students.
There are six basic verb tenses in Latin. Find them listed below:
These links will take you to explanations and practice with each tense. For tenses of the subjunctive mood, see below.
3. Voice: Active and Passive
There are two sets of rules for the formation of passive forms. One for the present, imperfect, and future tenses, another for the perfect, pluperfect, and future perfect.
To change a verb from active to passive....