Two Roman Girls
Ecce Romani Chapter 1
vīlla rūstica -
sub arbore -
Study these words at QUIA and QUIZLET
A. Parts of Speech: Nouns, Adjectives, Verbs
1. NOUN: Person, Place, Thing, or Idea
: Nouns that designate a specific person or thing — Cornēlia, Flāvia, Italia, Rōma
: Nouns that are not specific — puella, pictūra, vīlla
: In Latin, nouns whose form gives them the force of an adverb. These will be translated into English using a prepositional phrase.
nōmen = name
= by name
aestās = summer
= in summer
2. ADJECTIVE: A word that modifies a noun
In our chapter, Cornelia is not just a girl, she is a Roman
girl. She doesn't live in just any house, she lives in a rustic
house. Cornelia is happy
. There is another
girl, Flavia. Flavia lives in the neighboring
All of the bold adjectives
above tell use more about a noun. Here are some Latin phrases for review:
Cornēlia est laeta
3. VERB: An action, Occurence, or State of Being
: Cornelia lives
in Italy. Cornelia reads
. Flavia writes
Cornēlia in Italiā habitat
: In the picture there is
a girl. There is
a country house.
In pictūra est
State of Being
: Cornelia is
a girl. The girl is
B. Interrogatives: Who, What, and Why?
Read the following questions and answers. Pay attention to the question words quis
, and cūr
Quis habitat in Italiā? Cornēlia habitat in Italiā.
Quid facit Flāvia? Flāvia scrībit.
Ubi scrībit Flāvia? Sub arbore Flāvia scrībit.
Cūr laeta est puella? Quod in vīllā aestāte habitat.
A. Prepositional Phrases: IN and UNDER
Under Morphology above, you have already learned that some nouns have an adverbial form: aestāte
, in summer
, by name
. The English translation of these words uses a preposition, i.e. in
If you read the chapter again, you will notice that Latin also uses prepositions. Review the following phrases:
B. The Order of Words in a Sentence:
In Latin, the order of words is more flexible than in English. Read the chapter again. Notice how many sentences end in a verb. Read again the questions of Exercise 1a. What do you notice about the order of words in a Latin question?
Vocabulary — Two Roman Girls
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