Two Roman Girls
Ecce Romani Chapter 1

Vocabulary

Ecce! - puella - nōmine - quae - habitat - etiam - vīlla - vīlla rūstica - ubi - aestāte - laeta - quod - iam - sub arbore - sedet - et - legit - altera - vīcīna - dum - scrībit - quis? - cūr? - quid facit?

Study these words at QUIA and QUIZLET

Morphology

A. Parts of Speech: Nouns, Adjectives, Verbs

1. NOUN: Person, Place, Thing, or Idea

Proper Nouns: Nouns that designate a specific person or thing — Cornēlia, Flāvia, Italia, Rōma

Common Nouns: Nouns that are not specific — puella, pictūra, vīlla

Adverbial Noun: In Latin, nouns whose form gives them the force of an adverb. These will be translated into English using a prepositional phrase.

Exemplī Grātā:

    nōmen = name
    nōmine = by name
    aestās = summer
    aestāte = in summer

2. ADJECTIVE: A word that modifies a noun

In our chapter, Cornelia is not just a girl, she is a Roman girl. She doesn't live in just any house, she lives in a rustic house. Cornelia is happy. There is another girl, Flavia. Flavia lives in the neighboring house.

All of the bold adjectives above tell use more about a noun. Here are some Latin phrases for review:

   puella Rōmāna
   vīlla rūstica
   Cornēlia est laeta
   altera puella
   vīlla vīcīna

3. VERB: An action, Occurence, or State of Being

Action: Cornelia lives in Italy. Cornelia reads. Flavia writes.

   Cornēlia in Italiā habitat.
   Cornēlia legit.
   Flāvia scrībit.

Occurrence: In the picture there is a girl. There is a country house.

   In pictūra est puella.
   Est vīlla rūstica.

State of Being: Cornelia is a girl. The girl is happy.

   Cornēlia est puella.
   Puella est laeta.

B. Interrogatives: Who, What, and Why?

Read the following questions and answers. Pay attention to the question words quis, quid, and cūr.

   Quis habitat in Italiā? Cornēlia habitat in Italiā.

   Quid facit Flāvia? Flāvia scrībit.

   Ubi scrībit Flāvia? Sub arbore Flāvia scrībit.

   Cūr laeta est puella? Quod in vīllā aestāte habitat.


Syntax

A. Prepositional Phrases: IN and UNDER

Under Morphology above, you have already learned that some nouns have an adverbial form: aestāte, in summer; nōmine, by name. The English translation of these words uses a preposition, i.e. in, by. If you read the chapter again, you will notice that Latin also uses prepositions. Review the following phrases:

   in pictūrā
   in Italiā
   in vīllā
   sub arbore

B. The Order of Words in a Sentence:

In Latin, the order of words is more flexible than in English. Read the chapter again. Notice how many sentences end in a verb. Read again the questions of Exercise 1a. What do you notice about the order of words in a Latin question?


Vocabulary — Two Roman Girls


Return from Two Roman Girls to Ecce Romani I

Return to Teach and Learn Latin

Subscribe to Teach and Learn Latin Quarterly: Find new lessons and share your own!
Enter Your E-mail Address
Enter Your First Name (optional)
Then

Don't worry — your e-mail address is totally secure.
I promise to use it only to send you Teach and Learn Latin Quarterly.