Cambridge Latin Course
Stage 06 - Fēlīx
Study these words at QUIA and QUIZLET
was doing / used to do
- Tense sign for the imperfect = bā
- This syllable is inserted between the verbal stem and the personal ending.
- Look for: -bat, -bant
- erat and erant are irregular.
did / has done
- The perfect tense will often show a change in the verbal stem.
- This stem change follows certain patterns but is by no means consistent from one verb to another.
- -v- and -u- are two of the more common stem changes.
- The personal endings for the perfect are -it and -ērunt.
- fuit and fuērunt are irregular. They are in parentheses because we have not yet seen them in our book.
Take note of two common endings which indicate that a word is an adverb. They are -ē and -ter. These adverbial endings correspond roughly to English -ly.
intentē = intently
laetē = happily
pulchrē = beautifully
ferōciter = fiercely
celeriter = swiftly
dīligenter = carefully
One type of subordinate clause starts with an adverbial conjunction and ends with a verb. Your English teacher would call it a dependent clause. So far, we have seen subordinate clauses starting with the adverbial conjunction postquam.
Servus, postquam cēnam parāvit, in cubiculō dormīvit.
Pater, postquam vīllam intrāvit, in tablīnō scrīpsit.
N.B. A subordinate clause starts with the adverbial conjunction and ends with its own verb. If this dependent clause is taken away, a complete sentence remains.