Cambridge Latin Course
Stage 06 - Fēlīx

Vocabulary

abest
aberat
avārus
bonus
emit
erat
ferōciter
festīnat
fortis
fūr
īnfāns
intentē
lībertus
ōlim
parvus
per
postquam
pulsat
quod
rēs
scrībit
subitō
superat
tum
tuus
vituperat

Study these words at QUIA and QUIZLET


Morphology

Imperfect Tense
was doing / used to do

lātrābat
ambulābant
timēbat
clāmābant
erat
erant
audiēbant
  • Tense sign for the imperfect =
  • This syllable is inserted between the verbal stem and the personal ending.
  • Look for: -bat, -bant
  • erat and erant are irregular.
Perfect Tense
did / has done

lātrāvit
ambulāvērunt
timuit
clāmāvērunt
(fuit)
(fuērunt)
audīvērunt
  • The perfect tense will often show a change in the verbal stem.
  • This stem change follows certain patterns but is by no means consistent from one verb to another.
  • -v- and -u- are two of the more common stem changes.
  • The personal endings for the perfect are -it and -ērunt.
  • fuit and fuērunt are irregular. They are in parentheses because we have not yet seen them in our book.

Adverbs 

Take note of two common endings which indicate that a word is an adverb. They are  and -ter. These adverbial endings correspond roughly to English -ly.

intentē = intently
laetē = happily
pulchrē = beautifully
ferōciter = fiercely
celeriter = swiftly
dīligenter = carefully

Syntax

Subordinate Clauses

One type of subordinate clause starts with an adverbial conjunction and ends with a verb.  Your English teacher would call it a dependent clause. So far, we have seen subordinate clauses starting with the adverbial conjunction postquam.

     Servus, postquam cēnam parāvit, in cubiculō dormīvit.

     Pater, postquam vīllam intrāvit, in tablīnō scrīpsit.


N.B. A subordinate clause starts with the adverbial conjunction and ends with its own verb.  If this dependent clause is taken away, a complete sentence remains.

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