Cambridge Latin Course
Stage 4 - In Forō

Vocabulary

adest
negōtium agit
ānulus
cēra
coquit
cūr?
ē, ex
ego
ēheu!
habet
inquit
iūdex
mendāx
pecūnia
perterritus
poēta
quaerit
quis?
reddit
satis
sed
signum

vēndit
vocat
Study these words at QUIA and QUIZLET

Morphology

I

you

he / she / it

recitō

recitās

recitat

teneō

tenēs

tenet

coquō

coquis

coquit

1.  Verbs ending in are first person singular.

2.  Verbs ending in -s are second person singular.  

3.  Verbs ending in -t are third person singular.  


A few irregular verbs, such as sum, I am, end in -m in the first person singular.

In Latin, the subject pronouns are not necessary, but may be included for emphasis.

ego sum pistor.

tū es coquus.

ego amīcum habeō.

tū cēnam coquis.

ego suāviter cantō.

tū suāviter cantās.

ego pecūniam dō.

tū pecūniam dās.


Syntax

In stage 4 we see verbs of the first and second persons singular. This allows for dialogue in the stories of Hermōgenēs and in basilicā

You should now be able to recognize and translate verb forms with four different subjects - I, you, he/she/it, and they.

Translate the following verbs for practice:

   1.  agō, agis, agit, agunt

   2.  coquō, coquis, coquit, coquunt

   3.  habeō, habēs, habet, habent

   4.  quaerō, quaeris, quaerit, quaerunt

   5.  reddō, reddis, reddit, reddunt

   6.  vēndō, vēndis, vēndit, vēndunt

   7.  vocō, vocās, vocat, vocant

   8.  sum, es, est, sunt

N.B.  While the personal endings (-ō/-m, -s, -t, -nt) are consistent for all verbs, we are seeing some differences in the stems from one form to another, e.g. dormit and dormiunt show the stem dormī-, while gustat and gustant show the stem gustā-. These differences will be explained fully when we learn the infinitive and the four conjugations.


Return from Stage 4 In Foro to Cambridge Latin

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