Cambridge Latin Course
Stage 2 - In Villā

Vocabulary

amīcus
ancīlla
cēna
cibus
dominus
dormit
gustat
intrat
laetus
laudat
mēnsa
mercātor
quoque
salūtat
toga
tunica
Study these words at QUIA and QUIZLET

Morphology

1.  Singular direct objects end in -am, -um, or -em. Which ending is used depends on which type of noun it is. In this book, it should be emphasized, there are three kinds of nouns.

Type one: Subject = -a, object = -am, after in = -ā

ancilla togam in mēnsā videt.

The slave woman sees a toga on the table.


Type Two: Subject = -us, object = -um, after in = -ō

dominus cibum in hortō gustat.

The master tastes food in the garden.


Type Three: Subject = ----, object = -em, after in= -e

mercātor canem in urbe timet.

The merchant fears the dog in the city.


N.B. The subject form of the third type of noun has many possible forms. Nouns of this type include: mercātor, māter, pater, and canis



Syntax

A noun used as the subject of a verb is said to be in the nominative case.  A noun used as the direct object of a verb is said to be in the accusative case.  A noun used after the preposition in is said to be in the ablative case.

Nouns of Type One:

  • Nominative Subjects: culīna, via, ancilla, cēna, mēnsa, toga, tunica, etc.
  • Accusative Objects: culīnam, viam, ancillam, cēnam, mēnsam, togam, tunicam, etc.
  • Ablatives after inculīnā, viā, ancillā, cēnā, mēnsā, togā, tunicā, etc.

Nouns of Type Two:

  • Nominative Subjectscoquus, fīlius, hortus, amīcus, cibus, dominus, etc.
  • Accusative Objectscoquum, fīlium, hortum, amīcum, cibum, dominum, etc.
  • Ablatives after incoquō, fīliō, hortō, amīcō, cibō, dominō, etc.

Nouns of Type Three:

  • Nominative Subjectscanis, māter, pater, mercātor, etc.
  • Accusative Objectscanem, mātrem, patrem, mercātōrem, etc.
  • Ablatives after incane, mātre, patre, mercātōre, etc.

Return from Stage 02 In Villa to Cambridge Latin Course

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