Present Tense Verbs
Person, Number, and Voice

How to form the Present Tense in Latin:

  1. Find the stem by removing -re from the infinitive
  2. Add the appropriate personal ending
  3. Study a few irregular verbs

Corresponding Pronouns and Personal Endings:

Person Pronoun
Personal Ending
of Verb
ACTIVE
Personal Ending
of Verb
PASSIVE
ego
I
-r

you
-s
-ris (-re)
is, ea, id
he, she, it
-t
-tur
nōs
we
-mus
-mur
vōs
you all
-tis
-minī
eī, eae, ea
they
-nt
-ntur


There are four regular conjugations of verbs. The third conjugation has two types:

Study these Active Verb Forms:

Person &
Number
Personal
Pronoun
1st Conj.
-āre
2nd Conj.
-ēre
3rd Conj.
-ere
3rd Conj. i
-ere
4th Conj.
-īre
1st Person
singular
ego
I
amō
I love
teneō
I hold
dūcō
I lead
capiō
I take
audiō
I hear
2nd Person
singular

you
amās
you love
tenēs
you hold
dūcis
you lead
capis
you take
audīs
you hear
3rd Person
singular
is, ea, id
he, she, it
amat
he loves
tenet
he holds
dūcit
he leads
capit
he takes
audit
he hears
1st Person
plural
nōs
we
amāmus
we love
tenēmus
we hold
dūcimus
we lead
capimus
we take
audīmus
we hear
2nd Person
plural
vōs
you all
amātis
you all love
tenētis
you all hold
dūcitis
you all lead
capitis
you all take
audītis
you all hear
3rd Person
plural
eī, eae, ea
they
amant
they love
tenent
they hold
dūcunt
they lead
capiunt
they take
audiunt
they hear

Study these Passive Verb Forms:

Person &
Number
Personal
Pronoun
1st Conj.
-āre
2nd Conj.
-ēre
3rd Conj.
-ere
3rd Conj. i
-ere
4th Conj.
-īre
1st Person
singular
ego
I
amor
I am loved
teneor
I am held
dūcor
I am led
capior
I am taken
audior
I am heard
2nd Person
singular

you
amāris
you are loved
tenēris
you are held
dūceris
you are led
caperis
you are taken
audīris
you are heard
3rd Person
singular
is, ea, id
he, she, it
amātur
he is loved
tenētur
he is held
dūcitur
he is led
capitur
he is taken
audītur
he is heard
1st Person
plural
nōs
we
amāmur
we are loved
tenēmur
we are held
dūcimur
we are led
capimur
we are taken
audīmur
we are heard
2nd Person
plural
vōs
you all
amāminī
you all are loved
tenēminī
you all are held
dūciminī
you all are led
capiminī
you all are taken
audīminī
you all are heard
3rd Person
plural
eī, eae, ea
they
amantur
they are loved
tenentur
they are held
dūcuntur
they are led
capiuntur
they are taken
audiuntur
they are heard


Irregular Verbs: