National Latin Exam
Level 1

When we take the National Latin Exam in March, we will be reading in chapter 12 or 13 of our text (Lingua Latina).

Which means we will not have seen the following content for the test:

Verb Tenses

Lingua Latina students may have to learn the imperfect, future, and perfect tenses for the level 1 exam. They are not difficult to recognize. Here are a few simple rules and paradigms to help:

Present
Imperfect
Future
Perfect


Personal Pronouns & Personal Endings

Nom. ego
I

you
nōs
we
vōs
you all
Acc.
me

you
nōs
us
vōs
you all
Gen. meī
of me
tuī
of you
nostrī
of us
vestrī
of you all
Dat. mihi
to/for me
tibi
to/for you
nōbīs
to/for us
vōbīs
to/for you all
Abl.
from, with,
in, by me

from, with,
in, by you
nōbīs
from, with,
in, by us
vōbīs
from, with,
in, by you all


Study especially the nominative forms above (ego, , nōs, vōs). As subjects, these must agree with the personal ending of the verb:


ego ambulō
I walk

ambulās
you walk

nōs ambulāmus
we walk

vōs ambulātis
you all walk


Negative Commands: Don't do the Infinitive!

We have seen commands. Which means we can tell people what to do.

ambulā! ambulāte!
walk!

sedē! sedēte!
sit!

curre! currite!
run!

audī! audīte!
listen!


We have even seen the irregular commands:

dīc! dīcite!
tell!

dūc! dūcite!
lead!

fac! facite!
make!

fer! ferte!
bring!


But how do we tell people what NOT to do?

Simple. We use nōlī (singular) or nōlīte (plural) plus an infiniitve verb:

nōlī ambulāre
nōlīte ambulāre
Don't walk!
Literally: Be unwilling to walk

nōlī sedēre
nōlīte sedēre
Don't sit!
Literally: Be unwilling to sit

nōlī ducere
nōlīte ducere
Don't lead!
Literally: Be unwilling to lead

nōlī audīre
nōlīte audīre
Don't listen!
Literally: Be unwilling to listen