Julius's shepherd is in the field with a dog and one-hundred sheep. Pastoral life is described, the threat of a wolf is introduced, and the shepherd falls asleep in the shade. His dog keeps watch.
The first paragraph of chapter 9 introduces all the forms of the third-declension noun ovis (sheep). Memorize these forms:
The next two paragraphs introduce all the forms of the third-declension noun pāstor (shepherd). Memorize these forms:
Follow this link for a printable list of vocabulary and a summary of declensions.
2. EST vs. ĒST:
Take note of these two verbs:
|1st person singular||
|2nd person singular||
|3rd person singular||
|1st person plural||
|2nd person plural||
you all are
you all eat
|3rd person plural||
N.B. esse ≠ ēsse, es ≠ ēs and est ≠ ēst. Also remember that the macron is used only in grammar books and beginning readers! Real Latin has no diacritical marks!
The verb petere has several shades of meaning, all based on the idea "to go after". Its meaning ranges from mild to aggressive.
In short, it means to go for, in varying degrees of intensity.
There are two S's in the name SID SPACE, and they represent sine (without) and sub (under).
Half Truth: sub requires an ablative noun.
Whole Truth: sub sometimes takes the accusative, but we won't see it until chapter 22.
The preposition suprā is not included in SID SPACE. It always takes an accusative noun:
RULE: In this book, sine is the only two-syllable preposition that requires an ablative noun.
The black sheep wanders away from the flock into the woods. The Shepherd counts his sheep to find that one is missing. The dog confronts the wolf and saves the black sheep. The shepherd carries the black sheep back to the flock.
This pronoun/adjective often means himself, herself, or itself, but it is NOT reflexive.
The wolf itself is in the woods.
silvae ipsae prope rīvum sunt.
The woods themselves are near the stream.
Mēdus est in oppidō ipsō.
Medus is in the town itself.
Every language has a few words derived from animal sounds. Latin has some good ones: Latin animal sounds
The word ut has many uses in Latin. The first use we learn here is simple: as or when.
Mēdus, ut vidētur, est fugitīvus.
Medus, as is seems, is a fugitive.