Elements of Latin Lesson 70
Irregular Comparison of Adjectives; Declension of PLUS

Lūx et Vēritās — Light and truth
Motto of Yale University, the University of Indiana, the University of North Carolina, and the University of Montana.


456. Irregular Comparison of Adjectives. Some adjectives in English have irregular comparison: as, good, better, best; much, more, most. So some Latin adjectives are compared irregularly. Among these are the following:

POSITIVE
COMPARATIVE
SUPERLATIVE
bonus, -a, -um melior, melius optimus, -a, -um
magnus, -a, -um maior, maius maximus, -a, -um
malus, -a, -um peior, peius pessimus, -a, -um
multus, -a, -um -----, plūs plūrimus, -a, -um
parvus, -a, -um minor, minus minimus, -a, -um


457. The following adjectives, with regular comparative, form the superlative by adding -limus to the base of the positive.

POSITIVE
COMPARATIVE
SUPERLATIVE
facilis, -e facilior, -ius facillimus, -a, -um
difficilis, -e difficilior, -ius difficillimus, -a, -um
similis, -e similior, -ius simillimus, -a, -um
dissimilis, -e dissimilior, -ius dissimillimus, -a, -um
gracilis, -e gracilior, -ius gracillimus, -a, -um
humilis, -e humilior, -ius humillimus, -a, -um


458. Declension of plūs. Plūs, more, in the singular is a neuter noun. The plural, (more, many, serveral) is used as an adjective. It is declined as follows;

Case Singular
Neuter Noun
Plural
Masc./Fem. Adjective
Plural
Neuter Adjective
Nominative plūs plūrēs plūra
Genitive plūris plūrium plūrium
Dative ----- plūribus plūribus
Accusative plūs plūrēs plūra
Ablative plūre plūribus plūribus


Exercises

Print Lesson 70 Exercises
Special Vocabulary

Latin Word Meaning Related Words
auctōritās, -ātis (f) authority, influence, sway author
dissimilis, -e unlike, dissimilar dissimulate, dissemble
lēx, lēgis (f) law legal, legislate
lībertās, -ātis (f) freedom, liberty liberal, liberty
servitūs, -ūtis (f) slavery servitude


459. 1. Reliquī hostēs, quī proelium committere audēbant, cōpiīs nostrīs nōn parēs erant atque in maximam silvam fūgērunt.   2. Lībertās est multō melior quam servitūs.   3. Nihil peius quam servitūs esse potest.   4. Lēgēs quibus1 pārēmus sunt lēgibus2 Rōmānīs nōn dissimillimae.   5. Dux vetuit plūrēs captīvōs dīmittī.   6. Linguae Galliae et Britanniae erant simillimae.   7. Fortēs mulierēs difficillimum iter aut perīcula plūrima silvārum nōn timuērunt.   8. Rēx pessimus ampliōrem pecūniam petiit, sed populus plūs dare nōn potuit.   9. Minōrēs prīncipēs cīvitātis maximam auctōritātem nōn habēbant.   10. Agrīs3 ignī vāstātis, dux oppida maxima oppugnāre incēpit.

1What case? See §224.   2Dative, §130.   3Ablative absolute.


448. 1. Among the Romans the consuls had the greatest authority.   2. After the kings were driven out, greater liberty was given to the people.   3. The smallest states often have the bravest men and the best women.   4. The shortest route was much more difficult than the longest.   5. After that time the captives feared either certain death or the worst slavery.   6. Your laws and your languages are very different.

1 Ablative absolute.   2Express by the superlative.

     

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