Elements of Latin Lesson 67
Adjectives of the Third Declension, One Termination

Parēs cum paribus facillimē congregantur — Birds of a feather flock together
Literally, equals most easily assemble with equals. A Latin proverb, quoted by Cicero in his well-known essay on old age.


438. Adjectives of one ending are declined as follows:

pār, paris (stem pari-, base par-), equal

Masc./Fem.
Sing.
Neut.
Sing.
Masc./Fem.
pl.
Neut.
Pl.
Nom. pār pār parēs paria
Gen. paris paris parium parium
Dat. parī parī paribus paribus
Acc. parem pār parīs, -ēs paria
Abl. parī parī paribus paribus

a. Some adjectives of one ending have -e in the ablative singular.

b. Adjectives declined like pār do not always end in -r, but have various other endings, such as -x, -ns, -es, etc. The final letter of the base is shown by the genitive: as, fēlīx, fēlīcis; amēns, amentis; etc.


Exercises

Print Lesson 67 Exercises
Special Vocabulary

Latin Word Meaning Related Words
beneficium, -ī (n) favor, kindness benefit, beneficial
corpus, corporis (n) body corporal, corpse, incorporate
grātia, -ae (f) favor, thanks; grātiās agere, with dat., to thank gratitude, gratis, ingratiate
maximē, adv. most of all, especially maximum
pār, paris equal par, peer, parity, pair

Midas, The King of the Golden Touch

Read "The Golden Touch" in Hawthorne's "The Wonder-Book."


439. Ōlim erat rēx cuius nōmen erat Midās. Eī deus Bacchus erat amīcus et dīxerat: "Tibi,1 rēx, beneficium dare studeō. Id quod maximē petis, tibi dabō." Sed sapientia rēgis pār bonae fortūnae nōn erat et respondit, "Cupiō omnia quae corpore meō tangam2 in aurum3 mūtārī."4 Statim rēx accēpit dōnum5 quod petīverat. Saxum6 tangit et saxum in aurum solidum7 mūtātur. Tum arborem8 tangit, et arbor est similis aurō. Rēx gaudet9 et deō grātiās agit. Sed cum cibum10 et aquam tangit, et cibus et aqua in aurum mūtantur. Magnopere perterritus Midās mortem certam timuit et deum vocāvit: "Servā, servā, Bacche. Dā auxilium miserō. Dōnum5 tuum nōn est beneficium, sed grave supplicium." Bacchus audīvit et iussit eum in flūmine corpus suum lavere.11 Rēx pāruit et līberātus est. Etiam nunc harēna12 eius flūminis est aurea.13
1 tibi, to you.
2 Future of tangō, -ere
3 aurum, -ī (n), gold.
4 mūtō, -āre, change.
5 dōnum, -ī (n), gift.
6 saxum, -ī (n), stone.
7 solidus, -a, -um, solid.
8 arbor, arboris (f), tree.
9 gaudeō, -ēre, rejoice.
10 cibus, -ī (m), food.
11 lavō, lavere, to wash.
12 harēna, -ae (f), sand.
13 aureus, -a, -um, golden.


440. Give the principal parts of all familiar verbs used in ยง439. Decline the nouns aqua, beneficium, rēx, nōmen, mors, corpus. Decline the adjectives certus, similis.

     

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