Elements of Latin Lesson 48
Review of the Active Voice

Forsan et haec miminisse iuvābit — Perhaps some day you will take pleasure in remembering even this
From Vergil, author of the Aeneid, the greatest Latin epic. The sentiment is appropriate when a person is beset by difficulties and dangers. Of similar import are his words, "Revocāte animōs, maestumque timōrem mittite," Recall your courage and banish gloomy fear.

337. Formation of Tenses of Indicative. A review of the tenses of the indicative active shows the following formation:

Present Present Stem + Ending
Imperfect Present Stem + -- + Ending
Pres. Stem + -bi- + Ending
-bō, -bis, -bit,
-bimus, -bitis, -bunt
Pres. Stem + -ē- + Ending
-am, -ēs, -et,
-ēmus, -ētis, -ent
Perfect Perfect Stem + Ending
-ī, -istī, -it, -imus, -istis, -ērunt (-ēre)
Pluperfect Perfect Stem + -erā- + Ending
-m, -s, -t, -mus, -tis, -nt
Future Perfect Perfect Stem + -eri- + Ending
-ō, -s, -t, -mus, -tis, -nt

338. Synopsis of VOCŌ. The synopsis of the active voice of vocō, as far as we have learned the conjugation, is as follows:

Principal Parts: vocō, vocāre, vocāvī, vocātus

(Present Stem: vocā-, Perfect Stem: vocāv-)


Present vocō I call
Imperfect vocābam I was calling
Future vocābō I shall call
Perfect vocāvī I (have) called
Pluperfect vocāveram I had called
Future Perfect vocāverō I shall have called


Present vocā


Present vocāre to call
Perfect vocāvisse to have called


Print Lesson 48 Exercises

339. Following 338 as a model, learn to write and to recite rapidly the principal parts and the synopsis of the following verbs in any person or number: pārō, , habeō, videō, dīcō, dūcō, capiō, mūniō, veniō.

340. Read again the story about Curius Dentatus and answer the following questions in Latin:

1. Quō Samnītēs lēgātōs mīserant?

2. Cūr Samnītēs lēgātōs ad eum mīserant?

3. Quid lēgātī comparāverant et ad Dentātum portāverant?

4. Num Dantātus amplam vīllam habuit?

5. Nōnne vīta Dentātī vēra et integra fuerat?

6. Labōrāveratne Dentātus in agrō?

7. Ubi lēgātī Dentātum invēnērunt?

8. Cēpitne Dentātus praemia pulchra lēgātōrum?

9. Quid dīxit?

A Chariot Race in the Circus Maximus

The Circus Maximus was among the most magnificent structures of the Roman world, and held nearly 400,000 people.

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