294. One of the relations covered by the ablative case is expressed in English by the preposition from (cf. 65). This relation is represented in Latin by a number of special constructions. One of these, the ablative of personal agent, has been already discussed (261). Two others of importance are the ablative of the place from, many instances of which have occurred in the preceding exercises, and the ablative of separation.
295. Rule for Ablative of Place From. The place from which is expressed by the ablative with the prepositions ā (ab), dē, ē (ex).
a. Ā or ab denotes from near a place; ē or ex, out from it; and dē, down from it. This may be represented graphically as follows:
296. Rule for Ablative of Separation. Words expressing separation or taking away are followed by the ablative, often with the prepositions ā (ab), dē, ē (ex).
2. Thēseus patriam perīculō līberat
Theseus frees his country from peril
a. When there is actual separation of one material thing from another, as in 1, the preposition is usually present. When the separation is figurative, as in 2, the preposition is usually omitted.
|Latin Word||Meaning||Related Words|
|abdūcō, abdūcere||to lead away||abduct|
|absum, abesse||to be away, be off||absent, absence|
|dīmittō, dīmittere||to send away, let go||dismiss|
|discēdō, discēdere||to depart, go away|
|līberō, līberāre||to set free||liberate|
locus, -ī (m)
loca, locōrum (plural)
|longē||far away, distant|
|prohibeō, prohibēre||to hinder, prevent||prohibit|
297. 1. Gallī crēbrīs proeliīs Germānōs ab agrīs suīs prohibēbunt.
2. Factō Camillī puerī ex castrīs Rōmānīs celeriter dīmittentur.
3. Ibi ab amīcīs suīs longē aberant.
4. Memoria eius factī animīs nostrīs numquam longē aberit.
5. Cūr vir malus puerōs ā mūrīs oppidī abdūcit?
6. Vir malus amīcitiam Camillī petēbat.
7. Līberā fīliōs nostrōs perīculō, Camille.
8. Certē eōs līberābō et vir malus poenam dabit.
9. Factō1 malō eum ex castrīs meīs agam.
1 Ablative of cause.
298. 1. The Roman camp was far distant from that place.
2. We shall be freed from the memory of those wrongs.
3. Depart from this place, my friends, and attack their towns.
4. My men will lead them away from the walls.
5. Keep1 the savages out of your towns, Romans.
6. Seize that man, my son, and send him away.
7. The boys are not dull, are they2?
1 Imperative of prohibeō. 2 Review 251.