Elements of Latin Lesson 40
Synopsis in the Four Conjugations

Melius esse quam vidērī — Better to be than to seem
Motto of the state of North Carolina, adapted from Sallust.

291. Learn to give rapidly the synopsis of the verbs you have had, in any person or number, following the model given below:

Principal Parts: ________________________________________________
Person, Number, Gender: ____________________________________

Active
Passive

I N D I C A T I V E

Present ____________________ ____________________
Imperfect ____________________ ____________________
Future ____________________ ____________________

I N F I N I T I V E

Present ____________________ ____________________

I M P E R A T I V E

Singular ____________________ ____________________
Plural ____________________ ____________________

FIRST CONJUGATION (-ō, -āre)

Indicative

Active Passive
Present vocō vocor
Imperfect vocābam vocābar
Future vocā vocābor


Infinitive

Present vocāre vocā


Imperative

Singular vocā vocāre
Plural vocāte vocāminī


SECOND CONJUGATION (-ō, -ēre)

Indicative

Present moneō moneor
Imperfect monēbam monēbar
Future monē monēbor


Infinitive

Active Passive
Present monēre monē


Imperative

Singular monē monēre
Plural monēte monēminī


THIRD CONJUGATION (-ō, -ere)

Indicative

Present regō regor
Imperfect regēbam regēbar
Future regam regar


Infinitive

Present regere regī


Imperative

Singular rege regere
Plural regite regiminī


THIRD CONJUGATION -IŌ (-iō, -ere)

Indicative

Present capiō capior
Imperfect capiēbam capiēbar
Future capiam capiar


Infinitive

Present capere capī


Imperative

Singular cape capere
Plural capite capiminī


FOURTH CONJUGATION (-iō, -īre)

Indicative

Present audiō audior
Imperfect audiēbam audiēbar
Future audiam audiar


Infinitive

Present audīre audī


Imperative

Singular audī audīre
Plural audīte audīminī


Exercises

Print Lesson 40 Exercises

Special Vocabulary

Latin Word Meaning Related Words
agō, agere to drive, lead, do agitate, act
factum, -ī (n) deed, act fact, factotum
nam (conjunction) for, because
oppugnō, oppugnāre to attack, assault
rapiō, rapere to seize, snatch, take away rapture, rapacious


292. Ōlim1 Rōmānī cum fīnitimō oppidō bellum gerēbant. Camillus, vir clārus, cōpiās Rōmānās dūcēbat. In eō oppidō erat quīdam magister lūdī.2 Eum puerī amābant et virī oppidī eī3 crēdēbant. Saepe magister puerōs ex oppidō per agrōs proximōs ēdūcēbat, nec puerī in perīculō erant, nam oppidum ā Rōmānīs nōndum4 oppugnābātur. Sed dēnique magister puerōs in media castra Rōmāna indūcit et dīcit: "Spectā, Camille, eōs puerōs. Eī erunt captīvī tuī." Sed Camillus dīcit: "Malum animum, magister, habēs. Nōn cum puerīs Rōmānī bellum gerunt." Tum suīs5 dīcit, "Rapite et ligāte6 eum." Tum puerīs virgās7 dat et dīcit, "Iam agite, puerī meī, eīs virgīs eum malum magistrum in oppidum vestrum." Id factum erat grātum virīs eius oppidī et mox amīcitiam Rōmae petunt.


1 once upon a time 2 quīdam magister lūdī, a certain schoolteacher 3 , dative with crēdēbant (224) 4 not yet 5 to his men 6 bind 7 rods

Malus Magister Lūdī poenam dat.

Camillus and the Schoolmaster of Falerii
c. 1635-1640. Nicolas Poussin.
From www.nicolaspoussin.org


293. What is the meaning of the following English words and to what Latin words are they related?

dictate clarify capacity repeat retardant
regulate regent factory sediment rapture


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