Elements of Latin Lesson 37
The Imperfect and Future Indicative
Passive of REGŌ and AUDIŌ

Repetītiō est māter studiōrum — Repetition is the mother of learning

276. The imperfect and future indicative passive of regō (third conjugagtion) and audiō (fourth conjugation) are inflected as follows:

regō, regere
(Present Stem: rege)
To rule

PAST INDICATIVE PASSIVE
Tense sign -bā

Person & Number Latin Word English Meaning Tense Sign & Personal Ending
1st sing. regēbar I was (being) ruled -bar
2nd sing. regēbāris / regēbāre you were (being) ruled -bāris or -bāre
3rd sing. regēbātur he/she/it was (being) ruled -bātur
1st pl. regēbāmur we were (being) ruled -bāmur
2nd pl. regēbāminī you (all) were (being) ruled -bāminī
3rd pl. regēbantur they were (being) ruled -bantur


FUTURE INDICATIVE PASSIVE
Tense signs -ā- and -ē-

Person & Number Latin Word English Meaning Tense Sign & Personal Ending
1st sing. regar I shall be ruled -ar
2nd sing. regēris / regēre you will be ruled -ēris or -ēre
3rd sing. regētur he/she/it will be ruled -ētur
1st pl. regēmur we shall be ruled -ēmur
2nd pl. regēminī you (all) will be ruled -ēminī
3rd pl. regentur they will be ruled -entur


PAST INDICATIVE PASSIVE
Tense sign -bā

Person & Number Latin Word English Meaning Tense Sign & Personal Ending
1st sing. audiēbar I was (being) heard -bar
2nd sing. audiēbāris / audiēbāre you were (being) heard -bāris or -bāre
3rd sing. audiēbātur he/she/it was (being) heard -bātur
1st pl. audiēbāmur we were (being) heard -bāmur
2nd pl. audiēbāminī you (all) were (being) heard -bāminī
3rd pl. audiēbantur they were (being) heard -bantur


FUTURE INDICATIVE PASSIVE
Tense signs and -ē-

Person & Number Latin Word English Meaning Tense Sign & Personal Ending
1st sing. audiar I shall be heard -ar
2nd sing. audiēris / audiēre you will be heard -ēris or -ēre
3rd sing. audiētur he/she/it will be heard -ētur
1st pl. audiēmur we shall be heard -ēmur
2nd pl. audiēminī you (all) will be heard -ēminī
3rd pl. audientur they will be heard -entur


Exercises

Print Lesson 37 Exercises

277. Like regō, inflect the present, imperfect, and future, active and passive of dūcō, vincō, and gerō.


278. Like audiō, inflect the present, imperfect, and future, active and passive of mūniō.


279. 1. Dūcēbās, dūcēbāris, mūniēs, mūniēris. 2. Vincit, vincet, veniet, mūniētur. 3. Gerēbāmus, gerēbāmur, gerimus, gerēmus. 4. Dūcēminī, regiminī, audiēbantur 5. Amābunt, nocēbunt, venient, mūnientur. 6. Timēris, mūnīmus, veniēmus, capiunt. 7. Persuādent, tenēbunt, vidēberis, audientur. 8. Geruntur, gerēbātur, geritur. 9. Pārēmus, parāmur, nocēbunt, mūniēminī.


280. 1. They-are-sent, they-will-be-conquered, I-am-heard, we-were-led. 2. We-are-sent, you-will-be-fortified (sing.), they-come. 3. He-will-resist, you-seek (sing.), you-will-be conquered (plur.). 4. You-were-believing (sing.), he-carried-on, I-shall-come. 5. We-shall-be-heard, I-was-leading, you-will-seek (plur.). 6. He-will-carry-on, we-are-fortified, they-were-carried-on.



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