Elements of Latin Lesson 35
The Imperfect and Future Indicative Passive of
VOCĀRE and MONĒRE

Salvē — Hail
Motto of the state of Idaho

267. The tense signs of the imperfect and future passive are the same as in the active. The inflection of vocō and moneō in these two tenses is as follows:

vocō, vocāre
(Present Stem: vocā-)
To call

IMPERFECT INDICATIVE PASSIVE
(Tense sign: -bā-)

Person & Number Latin Word English Meaning Personal Ending
1st sing. vocābar I was (being) called -r
2nd sing. vocābāris you were (being) called -ris or -re
3rd sing. vocābātur he/she/it was (being) called -tur
1st pl. vocābāmur we were (being) called -mur
2nd pl. vocābāminī you (all) were (being) called -minī
3rd pl. vocābantur they were (being) called -ntur


FUTURE INDICATIVE PASSIVE
(Tense sign: -bi-)

Person & Number Latin Word English Meaning Personal Ending
1st sing. vocābor I shall be called -r
2nd sing. vocāberis / vocābere you will be called -ris or -re
3rd sing. vocābitur he/she/it will be called -tur
1st pl. vocābimur we shall be called -mur
2nd pl. vocābiminī you (all) will be called -minī
3rd pl. vocābuntur they will be called -ntur



moneō, monēre
(Present Stem: monē-)
To advise, warn

IMPERFECT INDICATIVE PASSIVE
(Tense sign: -bā-)

Person & Number Latin Word English Meaning Personal Ending
1st sing. monēbar I was (being) advised -r
2nd sing. monēbāris you were (being) advised -ris or -re
3rd sing. monēbātur he/she/it was (being) advised -tur
1st pl. monēbāmur we were (being) advised -mur
2nd pl. monēbāminī you (all) were (being) advised -minī
3rd pl. monēbantur they were (being) advised -ntur


FUTURE INDICATIVE PASSIVE
(Tense sign: -bi-)

Person & Number Latin Word English Meaning Personal Ending
1st sing. monēbor I shall be advised -r
2nd sing. monēberis / monēbere you will be advised -ris or -re
3rd sing. monēbitur he/she/it will be advised -tur
1st pl. monēbimur we shall be advised -mur
2nd pl. monēbiminī you (all) will be advised -minī
3rd pl. monēbuntur they will be advised -ntur

   a. In the future passive the tense sign -bi- appears as -bo- in the first and as -be- in the second person singular, and as -bu- in the third person plural.


Exercises

Print Lesson 35 Exercises

268. Inflect the following verbs in the present, imperfect, and future, active and passive: amō, nūntiō, portō, teneō, videō, and timeō.


269. 1. Amābās, amābāris, timēbis, timēberis. 2. Servat, servātur, dabit, dabitur. 3. Portāmus, portābāmus, portābimus. 4. Dabiminī, vidēbuntur, tenēmur. 5. Amantur, dabātur, timentur. 6. Vidēris, nūntiāmus, timēbat. 7. Tenent, timēbunt, monēris. 8. Vidēbant, amābiminī, portāmur. 9. Venīte, timē.


270. 1. They-will-be-feared, I-am-loved, we-were-seen. 2. We-are-carried, you-will-be-advised (plur.) 3. He-will-hasten, you-were-announcing (sing.), he-persuades. 4. I-shall-injure, you-favor (sing.), you-will-be-overcome (plur.). 5. We-shall-be-carried, I-was-eager-for, you-will-favor (sing.). 6. He-will-obey, we-are-held, they-were-seen.



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