Elements of Latin Lesson 31
Verbs in -IŌ of the Third Conjugation

Nōn est ad astra mollis ē terrīs via — Not easy is the way from the earth to the stars
From Seneca, a Roman philosopher.

241. Some verbs of the third conjugation do not end in like regō, but in -iō, like audiō of the fourth conjugation. The fact that they belong to the third conjugation and not the fourth is shown by the ending of the infinitive (§ 155). Compare

     audiō, audīre (hear), fourth conjugation

     capiō, capere (take), third conjugation


242. Observe that capiō is inflected like audiō throughout the imperfect and future; but that in the present only the forms capiō and capiunt are like audiō and audiunt, all the other forms being like corresponding forms of regō (cf. capis, regis; capit, regit; etc.).

Present
Imperfect
Future
 1.  capiō  capiēbam  capiam
 2.  capis  capiēbās  capiēs
 3.  capit  capiēbat  capiet
 1.  capimus  capiēbāmus  capiēmus
 2.  capitis  capiēbātis  capiētis
 3.  capiunt  capiēbant  capient


Exercises

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243. Like capiō, inflect the present, imperfect, and future of faciō, facere, to make, do.


THĒSEUS ET MĪNŌTAURUS (Continued)

Special Vocabulary

Latin Word Meaning Related Words
capiō, -ere take, seize capture, captive
celeriter quickly celerity, accelerate
faciō, -ere to make, do, form; proelium facere, to fight a battle fact, affect, defect, effect, infect, perfect
posteā thereafter, afterwards
vincō, -ere to conquer, defeat vanquish, invincible


244. Miserī Graecī timent et pārent. Itaque quotannīs1 ad Crētam septem pulchrōs puerōs et septem pulchrās puellās mittunt. Numquam posteā fīliōs fīliāsque vident.
   Tum Thēseus, clārus hērōs2 Graecōrum, in patriā nōn erat. Sed mox fāmam miseram audit et in patriam celeriter properat. Populum convocat et dīcit: "Semper, Ō Graecī, erimus servī? Semper fīliōs fīliāsque ad Crētam mittēmus? Bonum cōnsilium capiam. Minerva, dea sapientiae, auxilium dabit. Mīnōtaurum malum nōn timeō. Cum eō pugnābō et eum vincam."

1 Yearly
2 hero


245. 1. We-were-making, they-will-wage, you-are-sending.   2. We-shall-conquer, you-will-take, they-will-make.   3. He-was-waging, we-shall-come, you-hear.   4. They-will-say, he-will-announce, we-shall-make.


     


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