Elements of Latin Lesson 29
The Imperfect Indicative Active of REGŌ and AUDIŌ

Dīrigō — I point the way
Motto of the state of Maine

229. Formation and Inflection. The tense sign is -bā-, as in the first two conjugations. The imperfect indicative of regō is formed and inflected just like that of moneō. The imperfect indicative of audiō has -iē- before the tense sign: as, audbam.


THIRD CONJUGATION

Person & Number Latin Word English Meaning
1st singular regēbam I was ruling, used to rule
2nd singular regēbās you were ruling, used to rule
3rd singular regēbat he/she/it was ruling, used to rule
1st plural regēbāmus we were ruling, used to rule
2nd plural regēbātis you (all) were ruling, used to rule
3rd plural regēbant they were ruling, used to rule


FOURTH CONJUGATION

Person & Number Latin Word English Meaning
1st singular audiēbam I was hearing, used to hear
2nd singular audiēbās you were hearing, used to hear
3rd singular audiēbat he/she/it was hearing, used to hear
1st plural audiēbāmus we were hearing, used to hear
2nd plural audiēbātis you (all) were hearing, used to hear
3rd plural audiēbant they were hearing, used to hear


230. The Conjunction -que. The conjunction and is often expressed in Latin by -que added to the second of two associated words: as,

senātus populusque Rōmānus
The senate and the Roman people

    a. Words which do not stand alone, but are attached to other words, are called enclitics. We have already had -ne, the question sign.


Exercises

Print Lesson 29 Exercises

231. Inflect the present and past indicative active of nūntiō, studeō, crēdō, and veniō.


232. 1. Dīcēbant, audiēbātis, superābit, dūcunt. 2. Tenēbis, regitis, mūniēbāmus, habēbunt. 3. Dīcimus, timēbātis, patent, veniēbat. 4. Dūcēbam, mūniunt, vidēbitis, patēbis. 5. Servābō, audiēbās, tenēs, dīcēmus.


DĒ DEĪS RŌMĀNĪS

Special Vocabulary

Latin Word Meaning Related Words
dea, -ae (f) * goddess deity, deify
deus, -ī (m) god
malus, -a, -um evil, bad malice, malicious, malefactor
numerus, -ī (m) number numerous, numerator
poēta, -ae (m) poet poetics
sapientia, -ae (f) wisdom sapient, homo sapiens

* The plural ablative and dative of dea are deābus. See first declension nouns.


233. 1. Rōmānī multōs deōs et multās deās habēbant. 2. Poētae Rōmānī multās fābulās dē deīs et deābus narrābant. 3. Eīs fābulīs nōn crēdimus. 4. Populus Rōmānus deōs deāsque timēbat et eīs pārēbat. 5. In numerō deōrum erant Iuppiter et Neptūnus et Mārs. 6. Iuppiter deōs deāsque regēbat, Neptūnus in aquīs altīs habitābat. 7. Mārs erat deus bellī, et proeliīs semper studēbat. 8. In numerō deārum erant Iūnō et Minerva et Diāna. 9. Iūnō erat rēgīna deārum. 10. Minerva erat dea sapientiae. 11. Diāna erat rēgīna silvārum.


234. 1. Good men obey the gods. 2. Evil men resist the gods. 3. The gods never do-harm to-good boys and girls. 4. Minerva favors men who1 are-eager for wisdom.

1 quī



Athena Dea Sapientiae

Athena, Goddess of Wisdom

Athena (Minerva), the goddess of wisdom. The patron goddess of Athens, she gave the olive tree to that city.  She is also the patroness of the art of weaving, and we have seen her in the story of Arachne and Minerva.  She showed favor to Odysseus in his travels home to Ithaca.  She also favored Jason and Hercules. 

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