Elements of Latin Lesson 28:
The Dative with Special Intranstive Verbs

Palma nōn sine pulvere — No prize without a struggle
Literally, No palm without dust, referring to the palm branch, the prize of the victor in the chariot race, and the dust raised by the struggle. Compare Mrs. Browning's "No cross, no crown."

222. Intransitive verbs do not admit of a direct object (§ 25). Many such verbs, however, are of such meaning that they can govern a dative as indirect object (§ 58). This dative, in Latin, represents the person or thing to which a benefit, injury, or feeling is directed; but it appears in English as a direct object.


223. Learn the following list of common verbs whose meanings call for a dative as indirect object:

Latin Word
English Meaning
Derivatives
crēdō, crēdere believe (give belief to), trust creed, credit, credence
faveō, favēre favor (show favor to) favorite, favorable
noceō, nocēre injure (do harm to) noxious, innocent
pāreō, pārēre obey (give obedience to)
persuādeō, persuādēre persuade (make a thing agreeable to) dissuade, suasion
resistō, resistere resist (offer resistance to) persist, insist, desist
studeō, studēre be eager (give attention to) study, student, studious

    a. The verbs crēdō and persuādeō are transitive in some senses and take an accusative (direct object) along with the dative (indirect object): as, Rōmānīs sua crēdunt, they intrust their possessions to the Romans.


224. Rule for Dative with Intransitive Verbs. The dative of the indirect object is used with the intransitive verbs crēdō, faveō, noceō, pāreō, persuādeō, resistō, studeō, and others of like meaning.


Exercises

Print Lesson 28 Exercises

225. Inflect the present indicative active of servō, faveō, crēdō, and mūniō.


226. Derivation. The verb resistō, resist, is composed of the verb sistō, stand, and the prefix re-, back or again, so that resist means to stand back in the line or stand again after running away.

Look up the words consist, desist, exist, insist, and persist, and note the force of each of the prefixes.


227. 1. Crēdisne sociīs eōrum? Eīs nōn crēdō. 2. Meī fīnitimī cōnsiliīs novīs tuīs nōn favent. 3. Servī bellō student. 4. Bonae puellae librīs suīs numquam nocent. 5. Equī Galbae Mārcō nautae nōn pārent.


228. 1. We-persuade our friends. 2. We-resist our neighbors. 3. That boy does not obey Lesbia. 4. You-believe them, my friends, because-of-your friendship.



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