Elements of Latin Lesson 26
The Present Indicative Active of the Third Conjugation

Fōrmōsa faciēs mūta commendātiō est — A pleasing face is a silent recommendation
From Publius Syrus, a writer whose short and witty sayings were memorized in the Roman schools

212. Verbs having the infinitive termination -ere belong to the Third Conjugation: as, regō, regere (to rule), present stem rege- (cf. § 155)


213. The present indicative active of regō is inflected as follows:

Personal Endings
1st sing. regō
I rule
2nd sing. regis
you rule
-s
3rd sing. regit
he, she, it rules
-t
1st plural regimus
we rule
-mus
2nd plural regitis
you all rule
-tis
3rd plural regunt
they rule
-nt

  a. Note that the final -e of the present stem disappears in the first person singlar, becomes -u- in the third person plural and -i- elsewhere. The inflection is much like that of erō, the future of sum.


Exercises

Print Lesson 26 Exercises

214. Like regō, regere, inflect the present indicative active of dīcō, dīcere, speak, say; and dūcō, dūcere, lead


215. Derivation. From the verb dūcō many English words are derived. Define the following:

ductile induce produce adduce
duke introduce reduce deduce


MAGISTER ET DISCIPULĪ

Special Vocabulary

Latin Word Meaning Related Words
down from; about, concerning
dīcō, -ere say, speak, tell diction, dictionary, predict
dūcō, -ere lead conduct, aqueduct, ductile
Italia, -ae (f) Italy
liber, librī (m) book library, librarian
pateō, -ēre lie open, extend, stretch patent
regō, -ere rule regulate, regal
Rōma, -ae (f) Rome


216. MAGISTER. Saepe, discipulī meī, dē Rōmā dīcimus, sed ubi est Rōma?

DISCIPULĪ: Rōma, magister, est in Italiā, clārā patriā Rōmānōrum.

M.: Habētisne tabulam (a map) Italiae?

D.: Tabulam bonam Italiae in librīs nostrīs habēmus.

M.: Estne Italia lāta?

D.: Lāta Italia nōn est. Longa est.

M.: Quid librī vestrī dē viīs Rōmānīs nārrant?

D.: Rōmānī multās et longās viās habēbant. Eae viae per Italiam, Galliam, Germāniam patēbant. Nōta erat Appia via. Dē eā librī saepe dīcunt.

M.: Eratne Rōma semper magna?

D.: Nōn semper. Per multōs annōs Rōma erat parva et fīnitimī eius erant inimīcī. Sed populus Rōmānus eōs multīs proeliīs superābat. Tum in (against) barbarōs Rōmānī cōpiās suās dūcunt et dēnique multās terrās regunt.

M.: Optimē (well done), discipulī. Aliquandō (some day) ā patriā nostrā ad Italiam nāvigābitis et ōrās pulchrās et īnsulās eius et mūrōs altōs Rōmae vidēbitis.

Map of Italy


We should have scant capital to trade on were we to throw away the wisdom we have inherited and seek our fortune with the slender stock we ourselves have accumulated. This, it seems to me, is the real, the prevalent argument for holding every man we can to the intimate study of the ancient classics.
                  --Woodrow Wilson


     


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