Elements of Latin Lesson 24
The Demonstrative IS, EA, ID

Quandōque bonus dormītat Homērus — Even good Homer sometimes nods
From Horace. The meaning is that even the best make mistakes. Of similar sentiment are his words "Vitiīs nēmō sine nāscitur," no one is born without faults.

201. Definition of a Demonstrative. A demonstrative is a word that points out an object, as, this, that, these, those. Sometimes these words are pronouns: as, Do you hear these? Sometimes they are adjectives: as, Do you hear these men? In the former case they are called demonstrative pronouns, in the latter demonstrative adjectives.


202. Agreement of Latin Demonstratives. Demonstrative pronouns agree in gender and number with the nouns to which they refer, but their case is determined by the way they are used.   Demonstrative adjectives, like other adjectives, agree with their nouns in gender, number, and case.


203. Demonstrative is, ea, id. The demonstrative most used is is (masculine), ea (feminine), id (neuter), meaning this or that in the singular and these or those in the plural. It is declined as follows:

Masc.
Sing.
Fem.
Sing.
Neut.
Sing.
Masc.
pl.
Fem.
Pl.
Neut.
Pl.
Nom. is ea id eī (iī) eae ea
Gen. eius eius eius eōrum eārum eōrum
Dat. eīs (iīs) eīs (iīs) eīs (iīs)
Acc. eum eam id eōs eās ea
Abl. eīs (iīs) eīs (iīs) eīs (iīs)

   The genitive singular eius is pronounced eh'yus. The plural forms with two i's are pronounced as one syllable. Hence, pronounce as ī and iīs as īs.


204. Position of Demonstrative Adjectives. Demonstrative adjectives normally precede their nouns: as,

ad eam īnsulam nāvigat
he is sailing to this (or that) island


205. Demonstratives used as Personal Pronouns. Latin demonstratives are frequently used for the personal pronouns of the third person, he, she, it, or (plural) they. Is, as a personal pronoun, has the following meanings:

Singular:

Nom. is
he
ea
she
id
it
Gen. eius
of him, his
eius
of her, her, hers
eius
of it, its
Dat.
to/for him

to/for her

to/for it
Acc. eum
him
eam
her
id
it
Abl.
with, from, etc., him

with, from, etc., her

with, from, etc., it

Plural:

Nom. or iī, eae, ea
they
Gen. eōrum, eārum, eōrum
of them
Dat. eīs or iīs
to/for them
Acc. eōs, eās, ea
them
Abl. eīs or iīs
with, from, etc., them


Exercises

Print Lesson 24 Exercises

Latin Word Meaning Related Words
cōnsilium, -ī (n) plan, advice counsel
iniūria, -ae (f) wrong, injury, injustice injury, injustice
nūntiō, -āre to announce enunciate, pronunciation
servō, -āre to save, keep, protect preserve, conserve
vīta, -ae (f) life vital, vitality

206. 1. Quis ea cōnsilia Rōmānōrum iam nūntiābat? Bonus amīcus Britannōrum.   2. Quō eī Rōmānī nāvigābunt? Ad īnsulam eī Rōmānī nāvigābunt.   3. Quid in eam īnsulam portābunt? Multōs virōs et equōs et magnam cōpiam frūmentī in eam īnsulam portābunt.   4. Pugnābuntne Britannī cum Rōmānīs? Mox pugnābunt, sed eōs nōn superābunt.   5. Amantne Britannī īnsulam suam? Amant.   6. Habentne Britannī sociōs? Nunc Gallī sunt sociī eōrum, sed auxilium Gallōrum eōs numquam servābit.   7. Iam (soon) magnam victōriam Rōmānī nūntiābunt.   8. Iniūriae Britannōrum erunt magnae et vīta eōrum erit semper misera.


207. 1. He-sees him, her, it, them.   2. This plan, that life, these boys.   3. For-those rewards, with that friend, the rumor of-that battle.   4. The story of-those wrongs, for-that life, those girls.


     


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