Elements of Latin Lesson 19:
Imperfect and Future Indicative of SUM; The Preposition Ē or EX

Multum in parvō — Much in little

170. Past and Future Indicative of Sum. The imperfect and the future of the irregular verb sum are conjugated as follows:

Imperfect Indicative

eram I was
erās you were
erat he, she, it was
erāmus we were
erātis you (all) were
erant they were


Future Indicative

erō I shall be
eris you will be
erit he, she, it will be
erimus we shall be
eritis you (all) will be
erunt they will be


171. Preposition ē or ex. Latin has two prepositions meaning from with the ablative: ā or ab and ē or ex.

vir ab castrīs properat
vir ex castrīs properat
The man hastens from the camp.

But ā or ab means from the outside of, and ē or ex means from the inside of. Note the diagram.

Note. Write ē before consonants only, ex before either vowels or consonants.


Exercises

Print Lesson 19 Exercises

172. SEXTUS: Quō, Quīnte, properās? Cūr arma nova et tēlum longum portās?

QUĪNTUS: Ad castra proxima properō, Sexte, cum virīs et puerīs oppidī nostrī. Cūr in armīs nōn es? Cūr terrae nostrae tuum auxilium nōn dās?

S: Rōmānus sum. Populō Rōmānō bellum semper grātum est. Sed in nostrō oppidō nōn erat fāma bellī. Quis, Quīnte, bellum parat? Eritne novum bellum cum Gallīs?

Q: Nōn cum Gallīs. Germānī, semper inimīcī Rōmānīs, bellum magnā dīligentiā parant. Ex silvīs Germāniae cōpiās suās convocant. Mox viae, Sexte, erunt crēbrae equīs et virīs, et agrī Rōmānī proximī Germāniae in perīculō erunt. Sed nostra victōria erit.


173. Translate from English to Latin.

1. The Germans fight with long spears.

2. We-are-hastening from (the inside of) the Roman camp.

3. Shall-you-be with Sextus? We-shall-be, soon.

4. The perils of-our forces were many.


174. Derivation. Give the meaning of the following English words and tell to what Latin words they are related.

  1. insulate
  2. convocation
  3. longevity
  4. agriculture
  5. elaborate
  6. puerile
  7. navigable
  8. servile
  9. virile
  10. depopulate


     


Return to Elements of Latin


Return to Teach and Learn Latin