102. Declension of Nouns in -er. Masculine nouns in -er of the second declension are declined as follows:
b. In puer the e appears in each case; in ager it appears only in the nominative singular. Most nouns in -er are declined like ager. The genitive singular shows whether the noun follows puer or ager.
c. The noun vir, man, is declined like puer: vir, virī, virō, etc.
103. Apposition. Observe the following sentences:
Galba Mārcum nautam amat.
Galba loves Marcus, the sailor.
In each sentence the word sailor is added to Marcus to explain who he is. A noun explaining another noun, and signifying the same person or thing, is called an appositive, and is said to be in apposition. A noun and its appositive agree in case.
104. Rule for Apposition. An appositive agrees in case with the noun which it explains.
First learn this special vocabulary:
|Latin Word||Meaning||Related Words|
|ager, agrī, m.||field||acre, agrarian|
|labōrat||he (she, it) toils||labor, laboratory|
|portat||he (she, it) carries||porter, portable|
|puer, puerī, m.||boy||puerile|
|vir, virī, m.||man||virile, virtue|
DIALOGUE. PUERĪ, SEXTUS ET QUĪNTUS
105. SEXTUS. Ubi, Quīnte, servī Galbae agricolae labōrant? QUĪNTUS. In agrīs, Sexte, servī Galbae agricolae labōrant.
Q. Lesbia, fīlia Galbae agricolae, per agrōs ad servōs properat.
S. Quid Lesbia, pulchra fīlia Galbae agricolae, portat?
Q. Aquam, Sexte, Lesbia portat. Aquam servīs Lesbia dat et servī Lesbiam, bonam fīliam Galbae agricolae, amant.
106. 1. Who lives with the friends of-Marcus the sailor? 2. What are the boys' horses carrying, Sextus? 3. Who is-telling stories to-Lesbia, Galba's little daughter? 4. Whither are the men carrying water?