Elements of Latin Lesson 4
| || || |
|NOM. (Subject)|| |
|Gen. (possessor)|| |
girl's, of the girl
girls', of the girls
|Acc. (Object)|| |
Note that the genitive singular and the nominative plural are alike.
a. Some Latin words ending in -a have passed into English without change and form the plural in -ae: as, alumna, alumnae; formula, formulae; minutia, minutiae; nebula, nebulae; vertebra, vertebrae. Consult the dictionary for the meaning of these words.
47. Plural of Verbs. Verbs, as well as nouns, form the plural with different endings. In the singular the third person ends in -t, in the plural in -nt. Thus,
| porta-t |
he (she, it) carries
| porta-nt |
| puella portat |
the girl carries
| puellae portant |
the girls carry
The endings -t and -nt, which show the person and number of the verb, are called personal endings, and take the place of the English personal pronouns.
48. Rule for Agreement of Verbs. The finite verb agrees with its subject in person and number.
49. Write and give orally the nominative, genitive, and accusative, singular and plural, of the Latin nouns meaning farmer, daughter, queen, girl.
50. Write and give orally the third person singular and plural of the Latin verbs meaning love, call, hasten.
51. Derivation. Define the following English words: vocal, vocation, filial, amiable, agriculture. To what Latin words are they related?