A supplement for Lingua Latina Per Se Illustrata, Chapter 2. You may use this page to support your reading and rereading of the second chapter. You may find this page useful when reviewing for tests and quizzes, too.
2. Expressing Possession in Latin: The Genitive Case
|et||and; even, also|
4. Interrogatives: Certain words are used to ask questions. So far we have seen:
|-ne?||? (Expects yes/no)|
|num?||? (Expects no)|
5. Numerī: So far we have seen these numbers:
|ūnus, -a, -um||one|
|duo, duae, duo||two|
|trēs, trēs, tria||three|
6. Cēterī, cēterae, cētera is one of those Latin words you have seen and heard thousands of times in English. It means the rest or the remaining. It is most often abbreviated (etc.) from the Latin phrase et cetera, meaning and the rest. Notice that that phrase is neuter plural!
7. Vocabula Nova: Lingua Latina 02
8. A few masculine nouns have a singular form ending in -er.
For example, we have seen puer, boy; vir, man; liber, book.
Here is a new chart containing all noun endings:
9. Showing possession in Latin
The Genitive Case: A noun in the genitive case modifies another noun. E.g. Pater Mārcī est Iūliī, the father of Marcus is Julius.
If we remove the genitive word, we still have a sentence: Pater est Iūlius, the father is Julius. The genitive word, Mārcī, does nothing more than describe Julius. It that sense, a genitive noun is kind of like an adjective, i.e. it modifies a noun.
Possessive Adjectives: In Latin, just as in English, the genitive of a personal pronoun is never used to show possession. We don't say The book of me or The mother of you, we say My book and Your mother.
So in Latin, we see Liber tuus and Familia mea to mean Your book and My household.
The adjectives meus, -a, -um and tuus, -a, -um must agree with the noun they modify in gender, number, and case. For example: