Lingua Latina 1: Imperium Romanum


Lingua Latina Per Se Illustrata: You have to buy the book, but the help here is free.

A supplement for Lingua Latina Per Se Illustrata, Chapter 1. You may use this page to support your reading and rereading of the first chapter. You may find this page useful when reviewing for tests and quizzes, too.

1. There are three kinds of noun: Masculine, Feminine, and Neuter

Singular Plural
Masculine -us
Feminine -a -ae
Neuter -um -a

2. For verbs also, singular and plural are indicated by the ending

  • Singular verbs end in -t (e.g. est)
  • Plural verbs end in -nt (e.g. sunt)

3. Be able to place the following names on a map

  • Cities and Towns
  • i. Rōma
    ii. Brundisium
    iii. Sparta
    iv. Tūsculum
    v. Delphī

  • Nations and Provinces
  • i. Graecia
    ii. Hispania
    iii. Italia
    iv. Germānia
    v. Aegyptus
    vi. Asia Minor
    vii. Āfrica
    viii. Gallia
    ix. Britannia
    x. Syria
    xi. Arabia
    xii. Eurōpa

  • Rivers and Islands
  • i. Nīlus
    ii. Tiberis
    iii. Rhēnus
    iv. Dānuvius
    v. Corsica
    vi. Sardinia
    vii. Sicilia
    viii. Crēta

Vocabula Nova: Lingua Latina 01

fluvius
īnsula
oppidum
ōceanus
imperium
prōvincia
numerus
littera
vocābulum
capitulum
syllaba
exemplum
pensum
magnus
parvus
Graecus
Rōmānus
Latīnus
multī
paucī
ūnus
duo
trēs
sex
mīlle
prīmus
secundus
tertius
est
sunt
in
et
sed
nōn
quoque
-ne?
ubi?
num?
quid?
grammatica
singulāris
plūrālis

4. In this book, Lingua Latina Per Se Illustrata, opposites are marked with this symbol:

Do you know the meaning of these opposites from chapters 1-3?

magnus ↔ parvus
multī ↔ paucī
novus ↔ antiquus
interrogat ↔ respondet

5. Interrogatives: Words denoting a question

On your new list of words, notice that four are followed by a question mark. They are:

-ne? Added to the first word of a sentence to form a yes/no question

num? Indicates a question has the expected answer of no.

ubi? Where? When?

quid? What?

6. An adjective must agree with the noun in modifies in gender (M, F, N) and number (S, Pl).

fluvius magnus fluviī magnī
īnsula parva īnsulae parvae
oppidum Graecum oppida Graeca

Adjectives occurring in chapter one include:

magnus, -a, -um ↔ parvus, -a, -um

Graecus, -a, -um
Rōmānus, -a, -um
Latīnus, -a, -um

prīmus, -a, -um
secundus, -a, -um
tertius, -a, -um

multī, -ae, -a ↔ paucī, -ae, -a

7. Some adjectives in Latin are indeclinable, meaning they never change form. Your first example of an indeclinable adjective is mille (a thousand).

mille fluviī = a thousand rivers
mille īnsulae = a thousand islands
mille oppida = a thousand towns

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